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Nzira dzeKurimisa Chilli kubva kuHunan Xiangyan Seed Industry Co.,Ltd.

Yakatumirwa pa2022-05-27

Soil: Ivhu rakanyungudutswa rakasviba kusvika pakati nepakati ivhu roamy rakakodzera.

Gadzira mubhedha wembeu: Gadzira mibhedha yembeu ine 1.2m yakafara ine nzira yemvura ine 0.3cm yakafara uye 0.2m kudzika.

Kudyara: Nguva yekudyara yakasiyana maererano nemaitiro ematunhu uye nguva.Kazhinji kudyara kubva kutanga kwaNdira kusvika kutanga kwaKukadzi mudunhu reHunan kuChina. Kurera mbeu muimba yepurasitiki. Kunyura mbeu usati wadyara. Kunyika mhodzi mumvura inopisa ye55 degrees celsius kwemaminitsi gumi nemashanu, ramba uchinyura kwemaawa mana kusvika masere mushure mekunge mvura yatonhora zvega. Dura mvura uye kumera kwemazuva matatu kusvika mana pasi pe15-4 degrees Celsius. Kudyara mbeu mumubhedha kana 8% yamera mbeu. Kazhinji 3m4 seedbed yemadzinde inodiwa paeka imwe chete.

Seedbed management: Chengetedza mubhedha uchidziya uye uzere nehunyoro, dzora tembiricha iri pa25-30 degrees celsius masikati uye 20-25 degrees celsius manheru mbesa isati yamera. Isa 3-5kg yefetireza yeNPK ne8-10kg superphosphate pacubic meter ivhu rembeu. Kana yamera, pfapfaidza 0.2% MKP kana Urea zvichienderana nekukura kwemadzinde.

Kugadzirira usati wadyarwa:
1. Kuisa fetireza yepasi yakakwana: Kuisa matani 30-36 paeka yakaora mupfudze wepapurazi kamwe chete uye 600kg calcium superphosphate ne480kg NPK fetereza yekomboni sefotereza yekutanga.
2. Kugadzirira ivhu nemikova: Kurima kwakadzika nekushungurudza. Kazhinji 20-30cm kureba uye 1.3-1.4m yakafara mirwi kuSouth China. Dyarai 45-50cm, mutsara kune mutsara 60-70cm, mitsara miviri pa ridge, 12000-15000 mbeu paeka.
3. Kusimwa: 100-120 mazuva kubva pakudyara mumwaka wechando, 70-80 mazuva muchirimo, 30 mazuva muzhizha uye matsutso muChangsha, nechepakati kumaodzanyemba kweguta reChina.
4. Mitemo yembeu yakasimba: Mbesa dzine mudzi muchena uye midzi yakawanda yepedyo, dzinde pfupi uye gobvu, mashizha 10-12, chirimwa chakareba 18-20cm.

Kutarisira munda mushure mekudyara:
1. Kudiridza: Kudiridza mangwanani ega ega mumazuva 3-5 mushure mekudyara sezvo chirimwa chisina kusimba kuti chitore mvura.
2. Fetereza: Isa hembe dzepamusoro nenguva uye dzora zvirwere zvezvirimwa uye zvipembenene. Isa kupfeka kwepamusoro kweNPK (0.5% solution) kwemazuva 5-7. Kana chirimwa chichinge chave kushoma nemashizha kuita yero, pfapfaidza Urea neMKP (0.3% -0.5% solution) kuwedzera kukura kwechirimwa. Pfaya Urea & MKP (0.3% -0.5% solution yega yega) pa5-7 intervals panguva yekukohwa kuti uwedzere nguva yekunhonga uye goho.
3. Kuchekerera: Kana chirimwa chichikura chakasimba uye chichibereka zvibereko zvishomanana, bvisa mashizha ose ekare pasi pebazi rekutanga mushure mokunge chibereko chekutanga chave chakachekwa.
4. Kukohwa: Kukohwa nenguva.

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